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The paper evaluates the impact of aspects of customer-bank relationships on loan default rates. Using a dataset that consists of more than 1 million loans made by 296 German banks, the research finds that banks with relationship-specific information from customers establishing transaction accounts are less likely to experience loan defaults and act differently in screening and monitoring behaviors than banks with no information.
This paper examines concerns about big data’s disparate impact risk from the perspective of American antidiscrimination law, more specifically, through Title VII’s prohibition of discrimination in employment. The paper also calls out the legal and political difficulties of addressing and remedying this type of discrimination, in particular, the tension between the two major theories underlying antidiscrimination law: anticlassification and antisubordination.